History of Playground Design
With play grounds we acknowledge both smart design and evolution as encouraging of each other in the advancement of originalities. We frequently find methods to marry kind and function. Play areas were established by landscape architects looking to produce public areas that would bring neighborhoods together. Artists relocated to exert their impact and at the same time more imaginative types for playgrounds started to be explored.
So how did we get here? Today's standard "post and platform" design wasn't constantly the norm.
By 1900 playgrounds appeared in major American cities and consisted of a sandbox and a cubist metal climbing up apparatus known as a "gym". By 1912 New York City chose these gyms were risky and were gotten rid of from all parks. By the 1930's landscape architects took a severe interest in playground design and carver Isamu Noguchi presented abstract ideas that helped give the contemporary playground a push forward.
After WW II the Baby Boom required more play grounds. A lot of postwar city playgrounds were created for integrated use in between schools and parks. However throughout the fifties playground designers were split into two camps: leisure movement (fitness) and art. Play was a structured affair. The idea of unstructured play had not yet struck house. Safety surfacing development was sluggish, at best. The playground was restricted to a sandbox, see-saw, slide and swings. Throughout the 1950's attention was offered to the "handicapped", paradoxically the result of injured warriors from WWII and Korea getting to the play areas with their children. Noguchi's well-known 1952 design for the United Nations was turned down by Robert Moses and touched off a heated debate. The design was innovative but not comprehended and it never got developed.
The concept was to make play areas interesting and draw kids to them or else they would be back out on the streets - presumably up to no great. Not all play areas were post and platform. Adventure Playground in Central Park is a terrific look back to this transitional duration where art and play came together.
By the 1970's we entered the Age of Litigation. Suddenly the City of New York and Chicago discovered themselves in multimillion dollar injury settlements and parks started to close. Property values dropped if they had playground devices on them. Some NYC coops closed down. New York City got rid of see-saws and they continue to be on the blacklist. Insurance coverage business premiums were so high that some cities chose to self-insure. By the 1980's this ordeal started to calm down when the CPSC formed standards and NPSI (National Playground Safety Institute) established an accreditation program for playground designers. Safety-engineered play grounds followed the brand-new suggestions or guidelines and now some states are mandating CPSC code.
Playgrounds came back stronger with innovative climbers that motivated children to make use of different muscles. Slides had enclosures at the top and greater sidewalls. It got more secure in a rush - it needed to. By and large play areas progressed and better and by 2004 what we had was a playground so safe it was hard to say "no way." At the end of the day we still get broken bones however they typically are with children who fall 2-3 feet or journey when running. Their bones are weak and let's face it, there was always a couple of kids in the class who were prone to using a cast. You can't blame the playground
His principles are in use today: molded kinds of earth produce hillsides, slopes, curves from which playground equipment can be placed around. Research study reveals when playground equipment is positioned in a natural setting around trees, plantings, berms, stones children utilize them more frequently and for longer durations.
We design consultants have to stay up to date with all these advancements since it's our job to understand these things. Occasionally we are the ones who bring things approximately the manufacturers and they do pay attention to us. We might not get any credit but we contribute to forming some of things you see out there.